API stands for “Application Programming Interface”. APIs can be used to connect different applications with each other and share data and functions. For the integration of APIs, an integration platform, an application or an in-house development is usually used.
An API usually consists of a set of API endpoints that can be reached over the Internet. Applications can then send requests to these endpoints to obtain or execute specific data or functions. The API then processes the request and returns a response, which is either returned directly to the application or indirectly through additional API endpoints.
There are many different API standards used for different purposes and in different industries. We have summarized the most popular API standards for you.
- REST (Representational State Transfer): A popular architectural style for web APIs that is based on the HTTP protocol and allows resources to be used via URL endpoints.
- SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol): A protocol used for communication between applications over the Internet that is based on the XML format.
- GraphQL: An API standard developed by Facebook that allows requesting and receiving data needed by the client.
- Webhooks: A technology that allows an application to respond to certain events in another application by calling a URL.
- OAuth (Open Authorization): A standard for delegating authorization that allows users to link their accounts with one service provider to another application without revealing their credentials.
Through the Marini Integration Platform, all API standards can be used via a no-coding user interface. This allows all systems that offer an API to be integrated very easily, robustly and quickly.
History of APIs
APIs are clearly not a new invention. The idea of API was developed back in the early 1960s. Even then, APIs were used to connect applications on different computers. Then, in the 1980s and 1990s, more specialized APIs developed for specific industries and application areas, such as bank-to-bank communications and telecommunications systems integration.
With the rapid development of the Internet, and thus the increasing popularity of Web applications in the 2000s, the use of APIs became even more widespread. Today, APIs are an important part of the digital landscape, enabling the integration of applications and platforms on a global scale. They are an important factor in digitalization.
Marini Systems is specialized in the professional use of APIs and offers all-round consulting and services around “Integrated Data Intelligence”.